- (c. 1485–1540)Politician.Cromwell was born in humble circumstances and spent some of his early life abroad as a soldier in the French army. Under the patronage of Cardinal wolsey, he was elected to the House of Commons in 1523 and after Wolsey’s fall in 1529, he joined the household of King Henry VIII. As the King’s Vicar- General, he organised the dissolution of the monasteries; he brokered an unsuccessful Protestant marriage for the King (with Anne of Cleves); he encouraged the translation of the Bible into English and he defined the duties of the clergy. However, in 1540 he fell out of favour with the King. He was arrested, found guilty of treason and executed. His own religious convictions are not clear, but Cromwell must be regarded as an important contributor to the Protestant Reformation in England.A.G. Dickens, Thomas Cromwell and the English Reformation (1959);G. Elton, Thomas Cromwell (1991).
Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.
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Cromwell,Thomas — Cromwell, Thomas. Earl of Essex. 1485? 1540. English politician who proposed the legislation that established the monarch as head of the established church (1534). * * * … Universalium
Cromwell, Thomas — (c. 1485 1540) Lord Chancellor who helped establish Protestantism in England As a top government official, Thomas Cromwell helped advance the Protestant cause in England during the reign of Henry VIII. Cromwell was born in London around… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
Cromwell, Thomas — (ca. 1485 1540) English politician who rose from humble origins to become a trusted servant of King Henry VIII s most powerful government minister, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey. After Wolsey s fall from power in 1529, Cromwell replaced him and… … Historical Dictionary of Renaissance
Cromwell, Thomas — ► (1485 1540) Canciller de la Tesorería en 1532 40 bajo Enrique VIII de Inglaterra … Enciclopedia Universal
CROMWELL, THOMAS — minister of Henry VIII., and malleus monachorum, the mauler of the monks, born at Putney; the son of a blacksmith; led a life of adventure for eight or nine years on the Continent; settled in England about the beginning of Henry s reign; came… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Cromwell, Thomas, Earl of Essex, Baron Cromwell of Okeham — ▪ English statesman Introduction born c. 1485, , Putney, near London died July 28, 1540, probably London principal adviser (1532–40) to England s Henry VIII, chiefly responsible for establishing the Reformation in England, for the dissolution of … Universalium
Cromwell, Thomas, earl of Essex — born с 1485, Putney, near London, Eng. died July 28, 1540, probably London English politician and principal adviser (1532–40) to Henry VIII. He was a confidential adviser to Thomas, Cardinal Wolsey, before entering Parliament (1529), where his… … Universalium
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